Alternative species (click on the thumbnail to see the card)
Belonesox belizanus maxillosus
Pike Top Minnow
Origin: Central America (Nicaragua, Mexico)
Biotope: Non specific
The male is smaller than the female and has a gonopod.
200 L / 44 Imp gal / 53 US gal
T°: 26 to 32°C or 79 to 89°F
pH: 7.5 to 8.2
Hardness: 20 to 30°dGH
Male: 12cm (4.7") -Female: 20cm (7.9")
2 to 6 years
Middle and Top
How to feed the Belonesox belizanus?
This pike is a rather difficult carnivore to feed. Indeed, in most cases, it will only eat live fish such as Guppies or Southern platyfish (it needs 4 or 5 per day). However, young specimens can be accustomed to eating frozen food such as mud worms, Grindal worms, artemia, tubifex or krill.
What kind of behavior does the Belonesox belizanus have?
Extremely aggressive, it is a formidable predator. In the wild it spends most of its time hiding to watch for prey. When it passes close by, the attack is dazzling and rarely missed.
It seems that the aggressive character of this fish becomes more and more accentuated as it ages.
Who can live with the Belonesox belizanus?
This species is not at all suitable for community aquariums. It must imperatively be maintained in a specific aquarium. On the other hand, this pike can live in a group provided that the aquarium is large enough, well planted and that the fish are very well fed. If these conditions are not met, the Belonesox risk to devour each other (the male, smaller, is often the first to serve as a meal for the females...)! For a group, count at least 2-3 females for each male. Otherwise, maintenance in pairs is also possible.
How to breed the Belonesox belizanus?
It is quite easy to have reproductions of this fish. It is a viviparous: the eggs develop and hatch in the abdomen of the female. When they are born, the fry are already formed and autonomous.
Each reproduction of this species is frequent (once a month) and can give up to 100 young fish each time.
The parents devour their offspring. If you want to keep some, it will be imperative to isolate a full female in a separate aquarium (50-60 L / 11-13 Imp gal / 13-16 Us gal will be enough). The water will be brackish: add 1 tablespoon of salt for 10 L / 2.2 Imp gal / 2.7 Us gal of water. Remove the female after the birth of the fry.
At birth, the young are about 2 cm (0.8") long and grow slowly. Sexual maturity is reached at the age of 6 months. After one week, the fry should never be hungry. Indeed, it is from this young age that they can devour each other. If they are hungry, they will eat their brothers and sisters.
Fry food: zooplankton, mosquito larvae then small fish or frozen food in large quantities (Grindal worms, mud worms, artemia, krill, tubifex, artemia...).
Which aquarium for the Belonesox belizanus?
The bigger and more planted the aquarium, the better. Thus, a couple will be maintained in an aquarium of 200 L / 44 Imp gal / 53 US gal minimum, and the more numerous the group, the bigger the aquarium will have to be. On the vegetal side, choose solid plants such as Giant Vallisnéries because they can withstand hard water. Complete your decor with some roots.
Good filtration is necessary to ensure good water quality. Opt for a flow rate of at least 3 times the volume of the aquarium in 1 hour.
On the parameters side, to obtain hard water, add a little salt (to be adjusted according to the parameters of your tap water).
Good To know
Good To know
Find all additional information!
Even if it is not really a pike, this nickname suits him very well so much its behavior and its physique are close to this great predator!
Belonesox belizanus are on the list of endangered species and are strictly protected.
This fish is difficult to maintain and should only be kept by experienced aquarists.
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