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Freshwater   Plants

Water wisteria
(Hygrophila difformis)

Anubia nana

Alternative species (click on the thumbnail to see the card)


Scientific name
Hygrophila difformis
Synnema triflorum

Common name
Water wisteria


what are his countries of origin?

Origin: India

Ideal fertilization

how to fertilize this plant?

CO2: 10-40mg/l
Nitrates (NO3): 10-50mg/l
Phosphates (PO4): 0.1-3mg/l
Potassium (K): 5-30mg/l
Iron (Fe): 0.01-0.5mg/l


which group is this plant?



what is the type of plant?



What are the Water parameters for the maintenance of this plant?

T°: 20 to 28°C or 68 to 82°F
pH: 6.5 to 7.5
Hardness: 6 to 25°dGH





what brightness is needed?



what is the maximum size of the plant?

25 to 60 cm (10 to 24")


in which area of the aquarium install this plant?



how fast does this plant grow?



Who is the Hygrophila difformis?


Who is the Hygrophila difformis?

Particularly decorative, this pretty plant presents a pleasant green light. Its serrated leaves and bushy appearance form beautiful background groves. This particular aspect will bring character and contrast to your decor.

It is a malarial plant (it’s a plant whose foot is in water and emerged leaves) that can be maintained in aquarium or paludarium. Indeed, it can live either completely submerged or semi-submerged. In this regard, there is a very distinct difference in appearance between a Hygrophila difformis grown in total immersion and semi-immersion. Semi-emerged, it has round leaves, crenate and dark green; completely immersed, it passes to the serrated clear green leaves. So, do not be surprised if your plant has a certain aspect when it arrives at your home and changes completely during the weeks: this is due to a different context for your plant! In addition, its shape can also vary according to the lighting (the more light there is and the more the serrated aspect is pronounced).

Given its size and growth, install it in a large aquarium. Its maintenance will also be facilitated. For a paludarium, it can be planted in the substrate provided that its foot is constantly in a very humid area, or directly in the water. Leaves do not need special moisture.

Like all fast-growing plants, it can help control algae by quickly absorbing nutrients in the water.

Be careful, its main stem is quite fragile and breaks easily. Handle your plant with care, especially when planting.

Due to its large number of leaves and roots, Aquatic Glycine makes a perfect refuge for fry that will be safe there.

Also note that it can develop on a vertical wet support (plant wall).

Planting and maintenance

How to plant and maintain the Hygrophila difformis?

Planting and maintenance

How to plant and maintain the Hygrophila difformis?

Prefer to install it on the sides or at the back of your aquarium. Since it needs a lot of light, plan to space the feet at least 15/20 cm or 6/8 inch.

Hygrophila difformis is quite demanding, without falling into insurmountable maintenance difficulties. It needs: a rich soil, regular iron inputs (fertiliser) and intense lighting (the water must be very clear so as not to dim the light). CO2 diffusion is a plus, but is not mandatory.

If an aquatic glycine does not like its environment, we can observe different symptoms:
- loss of leaves near the foot: lack of light
- production of many adventitious roots: possible lack of light at the base of the foot
- chlorosis (leaf discolouration): lack of nutrients.

Do not hesitate to prune your plant regularly, because like all fast growing species, it can become invasive (up to 10 cm or 4 inch per week in good conditions).

Note that this plant may take some time before blooming in a new aquarium.


How to farm the Hygrophila difformis?


How to farm the Hygrophila difformis?

Easy enough. Cut your cutting on the end of the stem of the mother’s foot, about 20 cm or 8 inch from the top. You can also recover lateral releases. Let your cuttings float until the appearance of roots. Then plant them directly into the substrate spacing them 15/20 cm or 6/8 inch apart.

Flowering will only be possible in emergent situations.

Hygrophila flower

Good To know

Find all additional information!

Good To know

Find all additional information!

At night, the leaves of the plant fold slightly on themselves.

In nature, it is likened to the weed!

Yours photos!


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