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francais anglais

(Cyprinus carpio carpio)

This big fish found in lakes and ponds can find its place in large ponds. The common carp originates from this species, as well as its peaceful temperament. This card will tell you more about this endearing carp!

Scientific name

Cyprinus carpio carpio

Common name

Common carp
European carp
Mirror carp


what are its countries of origin?

Origin: Asia, Europe
Biotope: not specific


what are the physical differences between males and females?

The male is smaller





what is the minimum volume for this species?

2000 L / 440 imp gal / 530 US gal
Depth: 1.5 m (40") and more

Water parameters

what are the water parameters for the maintenance of this fish?

T°: 3 to 23°C or 37 to 73°F
pH: 6.5 à 8.5
Hardness: 10 à 15°dGH





what is the maximum size of this fish?

35 to 80 cm (14 to 32")

Life expectancy

what is the average life expectancy of this fish?

20 years

Living zone

in which area of the pond does this fish live?



sociability of the species



How to feed the Carp?


How to feed the Carp?

Omnivorous. Feed it with specific foods and herbal supplements, wild rice, seaweed, seeds, insects, worms, crustaceans...


What kind of behavior does the Carp have?


What kind of behavior does the Carp have?

Very peaceful, even nice! This carp remains however very suspicious. It will feel better among its peers, in a group of 5 and more if possible. It spends most of its time looking for food by digging the ground. Its activity is mainly nocturnal, with peaks at dawn and in the evening.


Who can live with the Carp?


Who can live with the Carp?

groupe de carpe

It is a gregarious fish that likes to move in a shoal. However, large, older individuals tend to isolate themselves. They will feel very well alone.


How to breed the Carp?


How to breed the Carp?

This species breeds in a group (a few more males). Spawning occurs in spring and summer when the temperature of the water rises. Temperature at 15/20°C or 59/68°F and pH at 7/7.5. Powerful filtration will ensure good oxygenation of the water.

A laying may include 300 000 eggs. A female can lay up to 1 million eggs each year. Their population remains stable because most of the eggs and fry do not survive (parasites, diseases, predators...). Incubation lasts 5 days at 15°C or 59°F and 3 days at 20°C or 68°F.

Its pond

Which pond for the Carp?

Its pond

Which pond for the Carp?

The pond must have a solid bottom made of sand, humus and mud. Also opt for a water lily plantation because the Carp nibbles and uproots the other plants.

Finally, common carp do not like strong currents and prefers large expanses of stagnant water.

Good to know

Good to know

Find all additional information!

Common carp are often found in ponds. In winter (below 8°C or 46°F), it stops feeding and its activity is reduced. It is also capable of surviving in very low oxygen waters because it can swallow air to the surface.

It has 4 barbs with which it looks for food by digging the ground.

For unknown reasons, it sometimes starts to jump and falls into a big «splash».

There are 3 varieties: Mirror Carp, Leather Carp and Koi Carp.

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