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Freshwater   Plants

Whorled pennywort
(Hydrocotyle verticillata)

Whorled pennywort

Alternative species (click on the thumbnail to see the card)


Scientific name
Hydrocotyle verticillata
Hydrocotyle vulgaris var. Verticillata
Hydrocotyle volckmannii

Common name
Whorled pennywort
Whorled marshpennywort
Shield pennywort


what are his countries of origin?

Origin: South America

Ideal fertilization

how to fertilize this plant?

CO2: 10-40 mg/l
Nitrates (NO3): 10-50 mg/l
Phosphates (PO4): 0,1-3 mg/l
Potassium (K): 5-30 mg/l
Iron (Fe): 0,01-0,5 mg/l


which group is this plant?



what is the type of plant?



What are the Water parameters for the maintenance of this plant?

T°: 22 to 27°C or 72 to 81°F
pH: 5.5 to 8
Hardness: 6 to 15°dGH





what brightness is needed?



what is the maximum size of the plant?

3 to 15cm (1.2 to 6")


in which area of the aquarium install this plant?

Foreground or middle


how fast does this plant grow?



Who is the Whorled pennywort?


Who is the Whorled pennywort?

This variety of Hydrocotyle is an exception among its genus since it remains mainly a creeping plant, which makes it a first choice plant to dress the foreground of the aquarium. It will form a network of stems sprinkled with small parasols. However, you can also use it as a floating plant, which will bring it closer to the light source, which it loves.

This species of plant can also live out of the water as long as there is a constant supply of wetland. It is therefore perfectly possible to use it in an aquaterrarium or wet terrarium. Under these conditions, you can hope to see it bloom in the summer.

Planting and maintenance

How to plant and maintain the Whorled pennywort?

Planting and maintenance

How to plant and maintain the Whorled pennywort?

To grow well, this plant absolutely needs intense light. Moreover, it will only remain crawling under this condition since it stops growing tall once it has found enough light.

If you wish to use it in crawling mode, it will have to be installed in light soil and aerated to allow the roots to spread without difficulty.

As far as water parameters are concerned, opt for soft, slightly acidic water, with an ideal temperature of between 22 and 25°C (72 to 77°F).

Even under good maintenance conditions, it grows relatively slowly with the production of about one leaf per week.

CO2 is not essential for this species.


How to farm the Whorled pennywort?


How to farm the Whorled pennywort?

Quite easy: separate the creeping stems from each other.

Yours photos!


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